calendrier d'événements


Standard BNQ 1013-110
Ambulances — Vehicle Specifications


This standard applies to ambulances with a combustion engine.
For electric ambulances consult the web page.

The requirements for electric ambulances and combustion engine ambulances will eventually be in the same document, consult the planning of the transition work for more information (see the diagram in French only). 


In the field of health care, workers must have access to the best equipment possible to enhance patient recovery. For ambulance attendants, that means operating well-constructed, reliable ambulances that enable them to provide the best emergency medical care possible, while ensuring maximum passenger safety. The BNQ 1013-110 standard, for ambulance assemblers, covers this specific area. It sets minimum requirements, performance parameters and key criteria for ambulances used to transport patients, with respect to interior layout, functionality, external features, comfort and safety. For an ambulance to meet this standard, its specifications must meet a number of requirements:

  • general requirements (construction, base vehicle equipment and national safety mark);
  • specific requirements for the vehicle’s mechanical and electrical systems (for example, control consoles, power train, suspension, batteries, 120 V circuits and sirens);
  • specific requirements for the ambulance module (for example, structure, doors and windows, interior layout, air conditioning and heating, signals, and exterior visibility characteristics).

  • Download standard
    12529 ANG BNQ 1013-110 Ambulances - Vehicle Specifications
    This new edition supersedes the edition dated September 13, 1999.
    8121 FRN BNQ 1013-110 Ambulances - Caractéristiques du véhicule
    Cette nouvelle édition remplace celle du 13 septembre 1999.

  • Standards committee members
    Number of committee members : 15
    Patrick BazinetTransports Canada
    Sylvain BernierAmbulances Demers
    Daniel ChouinardFédération des employés du préhospitalier du Québec
    Denis DoréNovacentre Technologie
    Stéphane DoyonAmbulance CTAQ, Québec
    Paul-Philippe FrenetteSociété de l'assurance-automobile du Québec
    Jean GagnonFédération de la Santé et des Services Sociaux (FSSS-CSN)
    Michael HarbecCrestline Coach
    Paul HolzapfelWheeled Coach Industries
    Érick HovingtonAmbulances 0911 Paramédic
    Matthieu JeanCentre intégré universitaire de santé et des services sociaux de la Capitale-Nationale
    Luc JolicoeurMinistère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec (MSSS)
    Richard LandryUrgences-Santé
    Benoît MichaudFraternité des travailleurs et travailleuses du préhospitalier du Québec (Local 592 FTPQ)
    Richard PotvinDemers Ambulances


Certification offer 

The certification of ambulances under the BNQ 1013-110 standard makes it possible to ensure high-quality vehicles. Ambulance assemblers simply need to submit an application for certification to the BNQ, which will check for compliance with the requirements of the BNQ 1013-110 standard and other requirements of the program. The other requirements are set out in the BNQ 1013-900 certification protocol, under six categories:

  • quality system;
  • quality control laboratory in the factory;
  • qualifications and training of quality control staff;
  • controls and testing in the factory;
  • corrective actions; quality records.

This certification program is accredited by the Standards Council of Canada.